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Crypto cases on rise

Wednesday, October 30, 2019   (0 Comments)
Posted by: Jill York
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October 25, 2019 

 

FROM KENTUCKY CABINET FOR HEALTH AND FAMILY SERVICES

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH

 

"Crypto" cases on the rise, report to local health departments


The Kentucky Department for Public Health (KDPH) has seen an increase in diarrheal illness this year caused by the microscopic parasite Cryptosporidium. Over 270 cases have been confirmed statewide. Reports are particularly high around the central Kentucky area. KDPH wants you to be aware of this increase so that you can properly test, treat and report patients with diarrheal illness in your practice. 


Cryptosporidium, or "Crypto," is one of the leading causes of waterborne disease among humans in the United States. It is spread via the fecal-oral route. People become ill after eating or drinking contaminated food or water or by touching a contaminated surface and then touching their mouths. The time it takes from ingestion of the parasite until symptoms begin can be from two to 10 days. Cryptosporidiosis symptoms may last up to 10 days and can include watery diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fever, loss of appetite, and abdominal pain. Asymptomatic infections can occur and be a source of infection to others. For patients with a compromised immune system, Crypto can be serious and lead to severe nutritional deficiencies or even life-threatening illness. 


Cryptosporidiosis cases typically peak during August and September in Kentucky. Outbreaks are common in childcare centers and recreational water venues. Contact with farm animals, especially cattle and goats, or drinking raw or unpasteurized milk or unpasteurized apple cider can be sources of Crypto infection. 

 
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